"Go Ahead and Ask...Shamelessly!"
There are some things I wish Jesus had not said with such unequivocal, straight-forward, un-ambiguous clarity. Among them are verses 9 & 10 of today’s reading from Luke 11: “I tell you, Ask, and it will be given you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives; and he who seeks, finds; and to him who knocks, it will be opened!” It’s a grand promise -- and I believe Jesus meant it! Furthermore, I believe it! -- but still I wish he had not said it in such an unconditional and bold fashion. (!)
Since Jesus makes that unequivocal statement right in the middle of teaching his disciples to pray, it suggests (as I said to the children) that praying to God might serve our wants like Aladdin’s Magic Lamp: rub it three times (saying “abraca-dabra”) and God, like a Genie, will grant your wish at your command.(!) There is no nuance in those two verses to suggest that a person may have to ask more than once to get what they’re after, or to seek longer and harder than they really care to, or that they will have to knock boldly and persistently.
If those verses are lifted out from this chapter -- as though it were a “stand alone” promise made by Jesus -- this saying (taken literally & in good faith) without exceptions or nuance of any kind, may generate a great deal of “disappointment” for the person who prays sincerely -- asking in Jesus’ name -- for something that they do not get. (!) The cancer is still there, even after the prayer. The job you wanted goes to a competitor. The dam burst after all, your loved one dies anyway.
Didn’t Jesus promise a better outcome, if we asked in his name? Aren’t we supposed to GET what we ask for in prayer? (!) People seek and (like Bono sings in the U-2 song) “I haven’t found what I’m looking for.” They knock (as in today’s parable) only to be rebuffed by the householder… refused… locked out.
You can see why I say that I wish Jesus had not been so all-encompassing, unconditional, and positive when he said: “I tell you, Ask, and it will be given you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.” Unequivocal clarity like that triggers natural skepticism in some people! “It ain’t necessarily so.” If you take Jesus at his word, every un-opened door feels like a failure to the one who’s been doing the knocking. Every unsuccessful seeking, and every un-answered ask, drives their doubt and disillusionment deeper.
I’d like us to put that single “saying” back into its context in Luke’s Gospel -- as well as in its historical context -- because that can help restore the logic and impact of Jesus’ whole teaching… and rescue this saying from the absurd exaggera-tion which can be off-putting (when taken out of context).
Prof. Bart Ehrman, whose DVD lectures on the New Testament constitute our Thursday Theology Class, said just this week that one of the major criteria scholars use to examine Gospel stories as historical sources is “contextual credibility” – traditions and sayings attributed to Jesus must be “situated credibly into what we know to be the context of Judaism in First Century AD Palestine.” And that’s what I want us to do this morning.
The text starts by observing Jesus praying in a certain place… And when he ceased, one of his disciples said to him: “Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.” Jesus’ disciples saw Jesus praying, and maybe they even heard his words. They would have seen (as Karen Bacon led us last Sunday) whether he folded his hands, or pointed them upward, or raised his hands to heaven. They would have seen him as he fell to his knees, or bowed his head… And one of them (at least) asked Jesus to teach them to do the same. (I presume that some of Jesus’ other disciples were also interested in learning to pray, but I notice that they had not done so for the ten chapters leading up to this point! Prayer was not their thing.)
In the Gospels, Jesus prays frequently, but his disciples don’t. Even on the very last night that they were together -- when they went to the Garden of Gethsemane after the Lord’s Last Supper -- and Jesus asked them to “stay awake with me and pray”… they did neither. They slept, while Jesus prayed alone… to his Father: asking for help, seeking relief, to no avail.
Getting back to today’s text: Jesus begins his instruction by giving his disciples a much shorter, easier, and probably earlier version of the Lord’s Prayer than the more familiar one found in Matthew’s Gospel, which we use every Sunday during worship.
In Luke’s Gospel, Jesus says, “When you pray, say: Father, hallowed be thy name. Give us each day our daily bread; and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone who is indebted to us; and lead us not into temptation.” (That’s it: 37 words instead of the usual 64)
We address God, who is the Holy One, and ask for three things: (1) Give us bread; (2) forgive us our sins; and (3) spare us from being tested, or tempted. (1) Give us sustenance; (2) forgive our shortcomings; and, God, (3) don’t put us to the test!
Unlike the longer (more familiar) version in Matthew’s Sermon on the Mount, Luke links the Lord’s Prayer to a somewhat humorous parable about a villager who asks for bread from a reluctant neighbor. That story ties in to the say-ing which follows that we were just talking about. The villager comes to his neighbor at midnight… asking for bread, seeking to borrow three loaves, and knocking at his neighbor’s door!
According to Jesus’ saying, the only appropriate response from the householder would be to give what is asked for, to help find what is being sought, and to open the door to the one who is knocking. (Period!) Everyone in the audience would know that! It’s basic hospitality. It’s what would be expected in the village. To do less would be un-gracious, un-generous… in fact, insulting!
So, the unexpected surprise in the parable (the twist to the story that would have made Jesus’ audience shake their heads) is that the person asking for bread was refused! “Do not bother me,” is the neighbor’s first response. (!)